Flower Meanings for Specific Varieties

Poppy Flower

At Ruby Oak Floristry, we truly love our flowers! And we are lucky enough to get to touch and smell them every day. Our friends and customers often ask us about our favourite flowers. That’s such a difficult question to answer. For us, every flower has so much beauty and appeal and can look so different in the various arrangements we make.

Adele and I still get excited when new colours and varieties of flowers come into season and into our shop! Sometimes it’s the pure magnificence of a large stem of phalaenopsis orchid combined with a large tropical leaf that sets our hearts fluttering. Or on another day, we take delivery of the most amazing and delicately shaded ranunculus, snapdragons, Lisianthus or anemones. A big favourite are poppies still in bud that we watch unfurl over the day. None of us ever get tired of the massively tall blue and purple delphiniums, or the Pink Floyd roses in a ‘Pop of Colour’ or ‘Pink Love’ bouquet.

Ruby Oak Floristry flower shop

Art and Flowers
Lately I’ve been looking at paintings that show flowers as fantastic objects of beauty and wonder and was blown away by the Cressida Campbell exhibition in Canberra. I’m looking forward to seeing the Monet & Friends Alive exhibition at The Lume in Melbourne, showcasing the life and vibrant works of Monet, Cézanne, Renoir, and Manet.

Saying it with flowers
Flowers have for so long been sent as tokens of love and affection, and displayed as symbols of celebration and remembrance. The start of the COVID pandemic was the time when we started Ruby Oak Floristry, and a time when sending flowers became one of the only ways for people to connect with our friends and family to say ‘Happy Birthday,’ I’ Love You’ , ‘Missing You’ or Congratulations’.

From the perfect floral arbour for a wedding, a beautiful bouquet for a birthday, a message of thanks, or to pay one’s respect at a funeral, flowers have long been such an important part of human culture.

But, while everyone knows that red roses signify love, how many of you know that an entire language of flowers exists with every bloom, foliage and plant having a particular emotion attached, for example wisteria for ‘welcome’ or ivy for ‘fidelity’?

The language of flowers was historically used as a means of secret communication by the romantic early Victorians (early 1900’s). It soared in popularity during the 19th century, especially in Victorian England and the U.S., when proper etiquette discouraged open displays of emotion. It was common for them to carefully plan every bouquet and posy to deliver a message. Flowers were used to send mysterious and playful messages of love and friendship, thoughtful messages of sympathy and grief, and even darker communications signifying bitter endings of relationships or jealousy.

Imagine receiving a beautiful bouquet and having to reach for your handy flower meaning guide (or Floriography) to work out what the message was!

In the Victorian language of flowers, hundreds of blooms were ascribed specific meanings based on folklore, science, and ancient history. (ranunculus, for example, boldly states, “I am dazzled by your charms,” while marigold represents despair).

Here’s a list of some of the flowers used by a Ruby Oak Floristry and their secret meanings. Maybe you’d like to include some of these flowers in a bouquet for a special friend:


Fascination, female love, mother’s love 

– Red carnation 

Alas for my poor heart, my heart aches, deep love 

– White carnation 

Innocence, pure love, sweet love 

– Pink carnation 

I’ll never forget you 

– Striped 


– Yellow carnation 

Disdain, Disappointment, Rejection 

Chrysanthemum, red 

I love you 

Chrysanthemum, yellow 

Slighted love 

Chrysanthemum, white 



Regard, Unequalled Love 

Dahlia, single 

Good taste 


Innocence, Loyal love, I’ll never tell 


Chinese emblem for mother 


Gratitude for being understood; Frigidity and heartlessness 

Lily (white) 

Virginity, Purity, Heavenly 

Lily (yellow) 

Happy, Gay, Walking on air 

Lily (orange) 


Lily, tiger  

Wealth, Pride  


Bashful, Happy Life or Shame 



Rose, red 

Love, I love you 

Rose, dark crimson 


Rose, pink 


Rose, white 

Innocence, Heavenly, I’m worthy of you 

Rose, yellow 

Jealousy, Decrease of love, Infidelity 


Deception, Graciousness 

Sunflower, dwarf 


Sunflower, tall 


Sweet pea 

Blissful pleasures, Good-bye, Thank you for a lovely time 

Sweet William 

Gallantry, Passion, declaration of love 

Tulip, yellow 

Sunshine in your smile 

It’s so interesting to see how the Victorians ascribed meanings to flowers, as a way of communicating.   

We can also think about how for different flowers; meanings differ widely, not only from person to person but from family to family, culture to culture, and one historical period to another. When choosing flowers you may want to consider, “What has this flower meant to me? Or to my friend/sister/ mother/grandmother?” Do I or the person I’m sending flowers to  prefer a particular perfume? So much of our memories, good and bad, can be connected to the sight and the perfume of flowers. 

Marmoset Found lifestyle photo

Interested in reading more about flowers and their meanings? 

Try these beautiful books: 

An Illustrated Guide to the Victorian Language of Flowers
By: Jessica Roux

The Complete Language of Flowers 
A Definitive and Illustrated History 
By: Suzanne Dietz 

The Language of Flowers, Miscellany 
by  Mandy Kirkby   

The Secret Language and History of Over 600 Blooms (A Flower Dictionary) 
By: Karen Azoulay 

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Adele x

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